The application of visual aids in primary school (with case study)

“Well-designed visuals do more than provide information; they bring order to the conversation.” – Dale Ludwig, Chief Scientific Officer and Greg Owen-Boger, Director of Technology. Truthly, by creating conversation, visual aids can increase the comprehend of students in-class teaching. In reality, visual aids are widely optimized in teaching, especially for children. So, how to use visual aids in the classroom? And, how can visual aids transform knowledge in primary school? Let find out.

How visual aids work in the classroom?

The easiest way to see how visual aids work is to figure out how they are applied in each subject. However, as various subjects taught in primary school, here we just select 3 most common groups. These are: subject with Fact, Chart and Number; Fine  Arts and Music; and Foreign Language. 

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Indeed, each subject has its own problems that make it hard for students to absorb. Furthermore, visual aids play a different role in each case to make the knowledge more lively. So, how does it work in real life? Here is the application in each specific subject.

1. Fact, chart and number subject (Math, Science and Geography) 


Undeniably, kids are irrational thinkers. In other words, they receive information randomly and inactively. Different from other subjects, Maths, Science, and Geography require learners an ability to analyze and think logically. For that reason, primary students mostly find hard to understand it.

Furthermore, these subjects are mostly about the fact, chart and number. With kids, they are quite dry and boring. At this age, they mostly think about the way to entertain such as watching the animations and playing video games. For that reason, psychologically, kids will oppose receiving tedious information.

The application of visual aids

Visual aids could help explain a complicated process or complex equation for learners in an easier way. For example, in Math, you can use kids’ favorite objects such as animals, fruits or animated characters to describe addition equation. Also, visual aids can illustrate the nature, the ecosystem or the scientific process in Science. So take a look at this illustration to see how magical scientific topic is deliver visually.


Furthermore, it is easier for teachers to make a highlight or sum up the lesson with visual aids. To do this, teachers can use infographic, picture or slide with interesting image, vibrant color, and funny characters. As a result, students can easily recall the knowledge through these elements.

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2. Art and Music


Art and Music are subjects which could develop the ability of creativity and critical for learners in whatever aspect of life. In common sense, these subjects should be accessible to everyone. However, if kids feel that they are less talented than others, they might be scared to learn it. As a result, the lack of confidence can lead to the restrain to learn Fine Arts and Music.

The application of visual aids

With visual aids, teachers can show learners that art and music is a part of life. So, there is no range point for the piece of art. To make students overcome their fear, visual aids can show where music and art could come from. For example, music can be created by a knife and plate. Or, art is just simply a combination of different cubes and colors. Therefore, there are no poor artworks. Their artwork is just special in different ways.

Image Source: VectorStock

Furthermore, visual aids can kick-off the kids’ creativity. Picasso once said “good artists copy, great artists steal”. Inspiration and creativity come from observing others’ artworks. Showing kids various artworks and music can help them brainstorm an idea for their products in the future.

3. Foreign Language


Truly, learning a new language means learning tons of grammar and rules. To fluently at one language, learners need to constantly revise and learn it by heart. At first, kids are very excited about learning a new language. However, they don’t have that much patience for one subject. Indeed, they are likely to give up after a few tries. As a result, this subject could be useless for them compared with others.

The application of visual aids

One of the most effective language learning methods is flashcard. Usually, flashcards have two sides. One side is a picture which represents the meaning of the word behind it. By looking into the picture, learners can learn by heart and recall the new words easily. Visual aids play a big role in learning a foreign language.

Furthermore, some teachers also use music songs or pictures in text books to help students visualize the new words easily. For example, Mnop kids uses animation video with catchy music song to teach preschool kids the english alphabet. As a result, kids can remember the new words in the long time.

Case study: The application of visual aids in teaching Math by Bar Models

1. Background of Bar Models

Bar Models company is a specialist in visual Math and problem-solving. They have different courses in seminars and in-house training to schools all over England and beyond. By the unique method, Bar Models can help students learn Math in a real scenario and think critically. Furthermore, learners could visualize the process need to find the answers.

2. Problems of Bar Models

Since the teaching method of the company is using bars to illustrate Math, visual aids play a main role in the process. With this technique, Bar Models needs to transfer their information into the visual to help students better understand Math equations and theories. Furthermore, in this campaign, they focus on the students in primary school and under. Therefore, they need to simplify their knowledge in the easiest form to comprehend.

3. How does visual aids help Bar Models?

First, Bar Models started with what children love the most – it’s animation, in steading of choosing slides or purely images. With animation, juniors can easily image, explore and understand different Math equations. With an eye-catching design and the combination of story-telling and voiceover, Bar Models explained for students how to solve addition, subtract, multiply and divide. Specifically, it’s not about a calculation, it’s about a story of how to divide a cake equally for 3 friends. And, it also helps students to improve their mathematical thinking.

Next, Bar Models also uses many funny and familiar animated characters in their animation to turn a difficult subject into the most entertaining one. Specifically, they design a pack of playing cards with 40 characters. Students can learn and play with these cards to practice Math.


To sum up, visual aids are successfully applied in primary school. And, Bar Models is the most representative example that clearly shows the potential of visual aids in teaching. By now, we hope that you can understand more about the usefulness of visual aids in the classroom and apply it to your future work.

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